“God is our refuge and our strength, an ever-present help in distress.” — Psalm 46:2
This Sunday is the Feast of Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Latern. The readings can be found here.
In the U.S., we just completed another divisive set of mid-term elections. Even within the Catholic Church should ideally would be a bastion of unity in Christ there are public criticism of Pope Francis. This Feast provides an opportunity to reflect on the meaning of unity of both the whole Church as well as humankind as a whole.
This week’s reflection comes from Living Space (Irish Jesuits). You can find the entire reflection here but set forth below is an excerpt:
“The first church building on this site was built in the 4th century when the Emperor Constantine gave land he had received from the wealthy Lateran family. That church and others which replaced it suffered over the centuries from fire, earthquakes and war but it remained the church where popes were consecrated until they returned from exile in Avignon, in the south of France. When the Avignon papacy formally ended and the Pope could return to Rome, the Lateran Palace and the basilica were in a serious state of disrepair. The popes took up residency at the Basilica of St Mary in Trastevere and later at the Basilica of Saint Mary Major. Eventually, the Palace of the Vatican was constructed and has been the pope’s residence until now.
The present Lateran basilica was erected in 1646. It ranks first among the four major basilicas in Rome (with St Peter’s, St Mary Major’s and St Paul’s Outside the Walls) as the Ecumenical Mother Church. On top of its facade are 15 large statues representing Christ, John the Baptist, John the Evangelist and 12 Doctors of the Church. Underneath its high altar are the remains of a small wooden table on which tradition claims St Peter celebrated the Eucharist.
St. John Baptist and St. John the Evangelist are regarded as co-patrons of the cathedral, the chief patron being Christ the Saviour himself, as the inscription at the entrance of the Basilica indicates, and as is the tradition in the patriarchal cathedrals. The Basilica remains dedicated to the Saviour, and its titular feast is the Transfiguration. Its full title then is Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour and of Sts. John Baptist and John Evangelist in the Lateran.
Celebrating the dedication of the Pope’s cathedral today is a way of expressing the unity of the whole Church with the Pope, the Bishop of Rome. And the union of each local church with this church is an expression of the unity of all churches both with Rome and with each other.”